Gluttonous and Good For You!

Gluttonous and Good For You!

Thursday, January 8, 2015

Pastitsio: A Delicious Greek Pasta Casserole (gluten-free)

 
At any restaurant in Greece, you can find pastitsio. Pastitsio is a baked pasta casserole with a meat and tomato sauce and covered with a béchamel sauce. I clearly remember having pastitsio before going gluten-free and it was so good.

More Greek dishes than not are naturally gluten-free. However, there are a handful of traditional Greek dishes that I occasionally long for that are filled with gluten. Greek cuisine is similar to Italian in regards to having standardized recipes that they have been using for hundreds to thousands of years. One of which is pastitsio.The gluten-free version is no more difficult to make than the standard version. The key as always is sourcing the best ingredients. I cannot stress the importance of using the best gluten-free pasta possible. My favorite is Italian corn pasta; Le Veneziane is the brand I stock up on. If you have a corn sensitivity, rice pasta works but it is imperative not to overcook, cooking to right at al dente.

Pastitsio is traditionally made having a bottom layer of tubular pasta (bucatini, rigatoni, penne); topped with a layer of cheese to bind it all together; a middle layer of meat tomato sauce with oregano, cinnamon, and egg whites; plus another layer of pasta; and a top layer of an béchamel sauce with cheese and eggs known as an enriched Mornay sauce in the culinary world. A perfect side for pastitsio is salad: a traditional Greek Salad or a spring greens salad.

Ingredients
For the meat sauce:

  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • 1 small yellow onion, chopped finely
  • 3 cloves garlic, chopped finely
  • 2 pounds ground sirloin
  • 2 teaspoons salt
  • ½ teaspoon black pepper, freshly ground
  • 1 tablespoon Greek oregano, or more to taste
  • ½ teaspoon cinnamon
  • ½ cup white wine
  • One 14-ounce can diced tomatoes
  • One 6-ounce can tomato paste
  • 2 egg whites

For the béchamel sauce:

  • ½ cup (1 stick) butter
  • ½ cup potato starch
  • 4 cups hot milk
  • Salt, white pepper, and nutmeg, to taste
  • 1 cup grated cheese (Italian blend)
  • 2 whole eggs and 2 egg yolks, lightly beaten

For the pasta:

  • 2 boxes (about 1 pound) of gluten-free Italian corn pasta (like bucatini, rigatoni, penne)
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 2 tablespoons butter
  • 1 cup grated cheese (Italian blend)

Directions
For the Meat Sauce:

Heat the olive oil in large skillet and sweat the onions with the garlic over medium heat until almost translucent. Add in the ground meat and sauté until browned. Add the remaining ingredients except for the egg whites. Let the sauce simmer for about 10-15 minutes, while tasting the sauce to seasoning. I always add in a lot more oregano than called for. This sauce is best when it is seasoned assertively. Turn off the heat and stir occasionally until cooled, but not too hot that it would cook the egg whites. Stir in the 2 egg whites thoroughly, reserving those egg yolks for the béchamel.

For the béchamel:

Melt the butter in a large heavy saucepan over medium heat. Add the potato starch and whisk for about 1 minute. Turn the heat down to low/simmer. Add the hot milk all at once and whisk until the sauce is thickened and smooth. Add salt, ground white pepper, and ground nutmeg to taste. Remember, there should be only a hint of nutmeg. Remove from heat and add in about 1 cup of grated cheese and stir until smooth. Allow to cool slightly with occasional stirring. Add in the slightly beaten 2 egg yolks plus 2 whole eggs into the béchamel and mix until it is all completely incorporated.

For the pasta:

Bring a large pot of salted water to boil. Add in all the pasta at once. Cook with stirring occasionally, especially at the beginning, to prevent sticking. Cook until al dente, tender yet firm. Drain well and return to pot. Add in butter and stir in.

To serve, preheat the oven to 350 degrees. Spray a very large and deep pan (lasagna pan or disposable aluminum pan) well with non-stick spray. Evenly distribute half of the pasta in the bottom. Sprinkle about half a cup of grated cheese evenly on top. Then evenly pour the meat sauce as the next layer. Followed by the remaining pasta. Pour the béchamel over the top evenly. Sprinkle the remaining half a cup of shredded cheese on top. Bake for approximately one hour or until the top is lightly browned. Remove from oven and allow to sit for at least 15 minutes before cutting and serving.

Details: Serves 10-12; Total time: 2 hours
-Erin Swing
Swing Eats


This is part of Food Network's Comfort Food Fest. Check out The FN Dish. The seasonal dish we are focusing on casseroles. Come over to Twitter where we are discussing it on #cookingwith and #comfortfoodfest. Here’s the link to our Comfort Food Fest Pinterest board: http://pinterest.com/foodnetwork/lets-pull-up-a-chair/ Here are other delicious features on Casseroles:

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